The colon is the large intestine— the lower part of your digestive tract. The intestine is a long, tubular organ made up of the a) small intestine, b) the colon (large intestine) and c) the rectum, which is the last part of the colon. After food is swallowed, digestion begins in the stomach, and then continues in the small intestine, where the nutritional part of the food is absorbed. Waste products move pass into the colon to the rectum and are then expelled from the body.
Conventional (Open) Colon Surgery
Each year, more than 600,000 surgical procedures are performed in the United States to treat a number of colon diseases. Diseases of the colon and rectum that might requiring surgical intervention include diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s colitis, colonic polyps not amenable to removal by colonoscopy, tumors (benign and malignant), hemorrhage, as well as other entities.
Patients undergoing colon surgery often face a long and difficult recovery because the traditional “open” procedures are highly invasive. Most open surgeries of the colon require long incisions, and surgery results in an average hospital stay of 5-8 days and usually requires 6 weeks for recovery.